Understanding export control regulations in the EU and US

Export rules and regulations play an important role in international trade, import and export. You might be aware of them, but they can still be difficult to understand. It is crucial that you do: if you break any rules, you risk high fines and penalties. This article gives you an overview of some important export control regulations: EU export control regulations and US ECCN. This helps you grasp the extensive world of export rules and regulations. Are you looking for extensive information and services regarding export compliance regulations? Export Control Group can help you. 

What are the export control regulations?

Export control regulations are vital frameworks governing the transfer of goods, technologies, software, and services across borders, particularly those that can have dual-use – meaning items that can be used for both civilian and military applications. Export control regulations aim to ensure that sensitive items do not end up in the wrong hands, preventing potential threats to international security. 

EU export control regulations

The European Union (EU) has distinct sets of export regulations in place to govern the export of goods and technologies. The EU’s export control regime includes a common list of military goods, and a list of dual-use goods. Export rules and regulations on dual-use within the EU (between EU member states) are less constricted than export outside of the EU. Exporting controlled items outside of the EU requires an export license. 

These export regulations emphasize the EU’s commitment to global peace and security. Companies operating within the EU must comply with these export compliance regulations to avoid severe penalties. Furthermore, understanding these export rules and regulations is crucial as they vary depending on the nature and destination of the items. In essence, these mechanisms not only bolster security but also promote transparency and responsibility in international trade.

Export rules and regulations in the United States

“Once US, always US”. An item made in the United States of America remains under US regulations during its entire lifespan. Understanding ECCN regulations is crucial for any businesses buying, using or re-exporting US controlled items. ECCN stands for Export Control Classification Number and is the equivalent to the EU dual-use classification number. When your item is export controlled, you may need an export license from the US authorities next to your EU export license. When trading with US military items, you enter the domain of ITAR. This is a very strict regulation that requires a high level of attention due to its export compliance risks.

Our solution pillars

We offer a unique Export Control & Compliance program, called the “A4 approach”. The A4 aproach, combines solid compliance structure with Lean Six Sigma / Lean Thinking techniques. Why? Because it is simple, easy to understand and a perfect base to find the compliance starting point withing your organization


Most companies are not aware of sanctions & export control regulations. We create awareness by straight forward, to-the-point training.


What is the maturity of your sanction & export control compliance? We have developed a lean compliance assesment tool called SCAN365.


Now you’re aware of the gaps in your compliance process, fixing them is the next challenge. Translating the gaps in your processes into solid solutions.


Outside assistance and coaching will keep you sharp. Because you can’t know everything in the volatile domains of sanctions & export controls.

Implementing export compliance regulations

EU export control regulations and US ECCN regulations are just the beginning of international export rules and regulations. It is important to make sure you comply with the right regulations, know if you are exporting controlled items and avoid the risk of receiving penalties and fines.

Work together with Export Control Group

Export Control Group offers a unique control and compliance programme to help you with export compliance regulations. We call this the A4 approach: Aware, Assess, Adapt, and Assist. We do not only provide you with the right guidelines, we make them work. For example, with our unique Export Control Officer as a Service™. 

Learn more

about our services and risk management within export control regulations

Contact us using the form below

ECOaas introduction request

"*" indicates required fields